Download Along ancient trails: the Mallet expedition of 1739 by Donald J. Blakeslee PDF

By Donald J. Blakeslee

ISBN-10: 0870814109

ISBN-13: 9780870814105

Ebook via Blakeslee, Donald J.

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Extra info for Along ancient trails: the Mallet expedition of 1739

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Two major factors contributed to New Mexico's slow development. One was its isolation from Mexico City, more than 1,200 miles away. This distance generated slow communication, a Page 10 sense of isolation, and military weakness. When the Mallets visited Santa Fe in the winter of 1739-1740, they reported that their long stay was necessitated by the time it took communications to flow to and from the viceregal capital. " This military weakness contributed to the longstanding Spanish policy of not allowing outsiders in and preventing most of those who did arrive from returning to their homes (cf.

The various Indian names for this and other streams were neither cognates (words with a common origin in an ancestral language) nor loan words. If they were, they would be similar in sound as well as in meaning. Instead, Page 4 the sounds are very different, whereas the meanings are the same. This situation probably resulted from the widespread use of the Plains Indian sign language, which allowed monolingual speakers of mutually unintelligible tongues to communicate freely. Gestures in the sign language, including those for place-names, could be understood by speakers of the Caddoan, Siouan, Kiowan, Athabascan, Algonkian, and Uto-Aztecan languages, all of which were used on the Plains.

In later years, armies erected military posts along them, and many battles in the Indian wars took place on the trails. Emigrants followed the traders, and the Santa Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail, and the California Trail all followed aboriginal routes. The journals, maps, and letters created by the explorers, traders, military men, and emigrants all help to document the precise location of the Indian trails. Few of them provide complete information for the full extent of a trail, but many describe a particular landmark or otherwise allow a segment of a trail to be pinpointed.

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