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By Karl Fink

ISBN-10: 1145339654

ISBN-13: 9781145339651

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Higher sensibility – a result of higher organization – exposed living beings to a greater amount of stimuli, but also to a more complicated network of reactions and dangers (Cabanis [1805] 1981, II, 543–544). ” Cf. , 230, 233. 22 Cf. Burkhardt (1995, 170, 175), Jordanova (1981), and Gissis (2010). 2 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and the Place of Irritability in the History of Life and Death 29 point of view of a zoologist (Lamarck [1809] 1984, 287). As all faculties depend on organic functions, and therefore on specific organs, feeling, too, must have an organic basis: “feeling is only an effect; that is to say, the result of an organic act and not a faculty inherent in any of the substances, which enter into the composition of a body that can experience it” (Lamarck [1809] 1984, 273).

40 G. Giglioni appearance of life in the universe. More than once in the Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres, he distinguished between orgasm and irritability by referring to a particular chemical property rather than a special organic structure (Lamarck 1815–1822, I, 84–85, 123, 179), for in his view, irritability was not a characteristic that could be extended to matter in its entirety. He used the distinction between orgasm, irritability and sensibility to shed light on the principal bifurcations in the physical universe, pointing, on one hand, to the two main kinds of organic life (plants and animals), and on the other, to the distinction between inorganic (dead) and organic (living) bodies.

Rather, it manifested “a sort of will, capable of making choices” (Cabanis [1805] 1981, II, 538). He combined ideas from theories of spontaneous generation, epigenesis and elective affinities to support his view of matter as a principle that could develop around multiple centers of gravity and organizing itself by implementing different levels of conscious activity (Cabanis [1805] 1981, II, 541). 46 Lamarck ([1809] 1984, 208): “sensibility and irritability are not only quite distinct faculties, but.

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